What the government say:
Local planning authorities “should aim for a balance of land uses within their area so that people can be encouraged to minimise journey lengths for employment, shopping, leisure, education and other activities”
“For larger scale residential developments in particular, planning policies should promote a mix of uses in order to provide opportunities to undertake day-to-day activities including work..... key facilities such as primary schools and local shops should be located within walking distance of most properties”
“Planning policies should plan positively for the provision of shared space, community facilities (such as shops, meeting places, sports venues, cultural buildings, public houses and places of worship) and other local services”
“The Government attaches great importance to ensuring that a sufficient choice of school places is available....Local planning authorities should take a proactive, positive and collaborative approach to meeting this requirement”
“The Community Infrastructure Levy is a tool for local authorities in England and Wales to help deliver infrastructure to support the development of the area”.
What the borough’s local plan needs to do:
The Local Plan will need to ensure that development takes place so as to minimise the impact upon the highway network in the Borough and in surrounding areas.
The Local Plan will need to consider what, where and how infrastructure in the Borough can be improved to help facilitate sustainable development and growth.
The Local Plan will need to establish the demand that new development will place upon infrastructure and any funding gap that may prevent the delivery of additional infrastructure to support new development. The Local Plan will need to consider how to overcome any funding gap in order to enable the delivery of new development.
The Local Plan will need to ensure that sufficient provision is made for community facilities and places of worship in particular to meet the level of need of the faith communities residing in the Borough.
The current situation:
Geographically, the Borough has relatively strong road and rail connectivity to the rest of the East Midlands and further afield. However, its location to the south east of Leicester where the road network is constrained means that the east - west routes towards the M69 and M1 motorways necessary to access the wider road network are frequently congested, particularly at peak times. Similarly the north – south routes between the Borough and Leicester city centre are frequently congested at peak times.
There are reasonable public transport links from Oadby, Wigston and South Wigston into Leicester but limited opportunities to use public transport links between South Wigston, Wigston and Oadby.
We have identified the amount and type of infrastructure that is required in the Borough to support new development and we seek financial contributions from developers in order to ensure that the necessary infrastructure is put in place to mitigate the impact of new development. This infrastructure can either be provided on site, such as sports grounds or community buildings, or off site, such as contributions to invest in providing school places or to provide additional children’s playspace.
The Council considered introducing a Community Infrastructure Levy in the Borough but opted to continue solely with the negotiation of planning obligations via Section 106 Agreements because these were considered to be the most appropriate in the context of the Borough.
We seek to ensure that sufficient provision is made for community facilities and places of worship by setting out the considerations that need to be taken into account in identifying land for such uses and by protecting the uses of community buildings in order to meet these needs.
 National Planning Policy Framework (paragraphs 37); March 2012
 National Planning Policy Framework (paragraphs 38); March 2012
 National Planning Policy Framework (paragraphs 70); March 2012
 National Planning Policy Framework (paragraphs 72); March 2012
 National Planning Policy Guidance (Paragraph: 001 Reference ID: 25-001-20140612) June 2014
 Faith Communities Profile and Places of Worship Needs Assessment; (2008)
 Oadby and Wigston Local Infrastructure Plan; 2009